Thermophilic organisms from each of the three phylogenetic domains (Bacteria, Archaea, and Eucarya) acquired thermotolerance after heat shock. Bacillus caldolyticus grown at 60°C and heat shocked at 69°C for 10 min showed thermotolerance at 74°C, Sulfolobus shibatae grown at 70°C and heat shocked at 88°C for 60 min showed thermotolerance at 95°C, and Thermomyces lanuginosus grown at 50°C and heat shocked at 55°C for 60 min showed thermotolerance at 58°C. Determinations of protein synthesis during heat shock revealed differences in the dominant heat shock proteins for each species. For B. caldolyticus, a 70-kDa protein dominated while for S. shibatae, a 55-kDa protein dominated and for T. lanuginosus, 31- to 33-kDa proteins dominated. Reagents that disrupted normal protein synthesis during heat shock prevented the enhanced thermotolerance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology