The capability of Acoustic Doppler Velocimeters (ADV) to resolve flow turbulence is analyzed by mean of a new tool denoted ADV Perfomance Curves (APCs). These curves can be used to define optimal flow and sampling conditions for turbulence measurements using an ADV. To generate these curves, a conceptual model is developed which simulates both, different flow conditions (flow component) and the instrument operation (instrument component). Different scenarios (ranges of flow conditions and sampling frequencies) are simulated using the conceptual model to generate several synthetic time series of water velocity and corresponding sampled signals. For the sake of comparison, the main turbulence statistics parameters of the synthetically generated sampled and non-sampled time series are plotted in dimensionless form; these plots are called APCs. The performance of the developed tools is validated using experimental results. Using the APCs a new criterion is proposed to perform ADV measurements with good resolution of the flow turbulence. In cases where this criterion can not be satisfied these curves can be used to make the corrections.