Achievement-relevant personality: Relations with the Big Five and validation of an efficient instrument

Daniel A. Briley, Matthew Domiteaux, Elliot M. Tucker-Drob

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Many achievement-relevant personality measures (APMs) have been developed, but the interrelations among APMs or associations with the broader personality landscape are not well-known. In Study 1, 214 participants were measured on 36 APMs and a measure of the Big Five. Factor analytic results supported the convergent and discriminant validity of five latent dimensions: performance, mastery, self-doubt, effort, and intellectual investment. Conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience had the most consistent associations with APMs. We constructed a more efficient scale- the Multidimensional Achievement-Relevant Personality Scale (MAPS). In Study 2, we replicated the factor structure and external correlates of the MAPS in a sample of 359 individuals. Finally, we validated the MAPS with four indicators of academic performance and demonstrated incremental validity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-39
Number of pages14
JournalLearning and Individual Differences
Volume32
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • Achievement-relevant personality
  • Approaches to learning
  • Big Five
  • Effort
  • Intellectual investment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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