ACES: Aphasia emulation, realism, and the turing test

Joshua Hailpern, Marina Danilevsky, Karrie Karahalios

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

To an outsider it may appear as though an individual with aphasia has poor cognitive function. However, the problem resides in the individual's receptive and expressive language, and not in their ability to think. This misperception, paired with a lack of empathy, can have a direct impact on quality of life and medical care. Hailpern's 2011 paper on ACES demonstrated a novel system that enabled users (e.g., caregivers, therapists, family) to experience first hand the communication-distorting effects of aphasia. While their paper illustrated the impact of ACES on empathy, it did not validate the underlying distortion emulation. This paper provides a validation of ACES' distortions through a Turing Test experiment with participants from the Speech and Hearing Science community. It illustrates that text samples generated with ACES distortions are generally not distinguishable from text samples originating from individuals with aphasia. This paper explores ACES distortions through a 'How Human' is it test, in which participants explicitly rate how human- or computer-like distortions appear to be.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASSETS'11
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 13th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility
Pages83-90
Number of pages8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 28 2011
Event13th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, ASSETS'11 - Dundee, United Kingdom
Duration: Oct 24 2011Oct 26 2011

Publication series

NameASSETS'11: Proceedings of the 13th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility

Other

Other13th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, ASSETS'11
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityDundee
Period10/24/1110/26/11

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Audition
Health care
Communication
Experiments

Keywords

  • aphasia
  • assistive technology
  • disabilities
  • empathy
  • emulation software
  • language
  • speech
  • turing test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture

Cite this

Hailpern, J., Danilevsky, M., & Karahalios, K. (2011). ACES: Aphasia emulation, realism, and the turing test. In ASSETS'11: Proceedings of the 13th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility (pp. 83-90). (ASSETS'11: Proceedings of the 13th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility). https://doi.org/10.1145/2049536.2049553

ACES : Aphasia emulation, realism, and the turing test. / Hailpern, Joshua; Danilevsky, Marina; Karahalios, Karrie.

ASSETS'11: Proceedings of the 13th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility. 2011. p. 83-90 (ASSETS'11: Proceedings of the 13th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Hailpern, J, Danilevsky, M & Karahalios, K 2011, ACES: Aphasia emulation, realism, and the turing test. in ASSETS'11: Proceedings of the 13th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility. ASSETS'11: Proceedings of the 13th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, pp. 83-90, 13th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, ASSETS'11, Dundee, United Kingdom, 10/24/11. https://doi.org/10.1145/2049536.2049553
Hailpern J, Danilevsky M, Karahalios K. ACES: Aphasia emulation, realism, and the turing test. In ASSETS'11: Proceedings of the 13th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility. 2011. p. 83-90. (ASSETS'11: Proceedings of the 13th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility). https://doi.org/10.1145/2049536.2049553
Hailpern, Joshua ; Danilevsky, Marina ; Karahalios, Karrie. / ACES : Aphasia emulation, realism, and the turing test. ASSETS'11: Proceedings of the 13th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility. 2011. pp. 83-90 (ASSETS'11: Proceedings of the 13th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility).
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