Accuracy of Genomic Prediction of Yield and Sugar Traits in Saccharum spp. Hybrids

Md S. Islam, Per McCord, Quentin D. Read, Lifang Qin, Alexander E. Lipka, Sushma Sood, James Todd, Marcus Olatoye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Genomic selection (GS) has been demonstrated to enhance the selection process in breeding programs. The objectives of this study were to experimentally evaluate different GS methods in sugarcane hybrids and to determine the prospect of GS in future breeding approaches. Using sugar and yield-related trait data from 432 sugarcane clones and 10,435 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), a study was conducted using seven different GS models. While fivefold cross-validated prediction accuracy differed by trait and by crop cycle, there were only small differences in prediction accuracy among the different models. Prediction accuracy was on average 0.20 across all traits and crop cycles for all tested models. Utilizing a trait-assisted GS model, we could effectively predict the fivefold cross-validated genomic estimated breeding value of ratoon crops using both SNPs and trait values from the plant cane crop. We found that the plateau of prediction accuracy could be achieved with 4000 to 5000 SNPs. Prediction accuracy did not decline with decreasing size of the training population until it was reduced below 60% (259) to 80% (346) of the original number of clones. Our findings suggest that GS is possibly a new direction for improving sugar and yield-related traits in sugarcane.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1436
JournalAgriculture (Switzerland)
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2022


  • genomic selection
  • sugarcane
  • sugar and yield trait
  • Saccharum spp. hybrid
  • prediction accuracy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


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