Accounting for Gender in a Study of the Motivation-Involvement Relationship

Erin Morris, Carena J Van Riper, Gerard T. Kyle, Kenneth E. Wallen, James Absher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The effects of gender on involvement in high-risk recreation have received limited research attention despite mounting evidence suggesting the learned interactions between people and places likely vary for men and women. The purpose of this study was to provide insights into how gender influenced the motivation-involvement relationship among whitewater recreationists on a Wild and Scenic River in California. Our results revealed the motivations of Risk, Escape, Learning, and Achievement/Stimulation positively influenced involvement in rafting activities. Although gender did not influence all dimensions of involvement, we found that identity expression varied between subgroups. Specifically, men were more likely to ascribe meaning to rafting than women because this activity allowed them to affirm and express their individual character. The implications emanating from this study advance theoretical understanding of the factors that influence enduring involvement and inform natural resource management decisions about maintaining the desired benefits of activities sought by nature-based recreationists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)494-507
Number of pages14
JournalLeisure Sciences
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2 2018


  • enduring involvement
  • gender
  • motivation
  • natural resource management
  • structural equation modeling
  • water-based recreation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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