Access balancing in storage systems by labeling partial Steiner systems

Yeow Meng Chee, Charles J. Colbourn, Hoang Dau, Ryan Gabrys, Alan C.H. Ling, Dylan Lusi, Olgica Milenkovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Storage architectures ranging from minimum bandwidth regenerating encoded distributed storage systems to declustered-parity RAIDs can employ dense partial Steiner systems to support fast reads, writes, and recovery of failed storage units. To enhance performance, popularities of the data items should be taken into account to make frequencies of accesses to storage units as uniform as possible. A combinatorial model ranks items by popularity and assigns data items to elements in a dense partial Steiner system so that the sums of ranks of the elements in each block are as equal as possible. By developing necessary conditions in terms of independent sets, we demonstrate that certain Steiner systems must have a much larger difference between the largest and smallest block sums than is dictated by an elementary lower bound. In contrast, we also show that certain dense partial S(t, t+ 1 , v) designs can be labeled to realize the elementary lower bound. Furthermore, we prove that for every admissible order v, there is a Steiner triple system (S(2, 3, v)) whose largest difference in block sums is within an additive constant of the lower bound.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2361-2376
Number of pages16
JournalDesigns, Codes, and Cryptography
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020


  • Access balancing
  • Independent set
  • Steiner system
  • Steiner triple system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
  • Applied Mathematics


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