Accentuating Your Masculine Side: Agentic Traits Generally Dominate Self-evaluation, Even in China

Chongzeng Bi, Oscar Ybarra, Yufang Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recent research investigating self-judgment has shown that people are more likely to base their evaluations of self on agency- related traits than communion-related traits. In the present research, we tested the hypothesis that agency-related traits dominate self-evaluation by expanding the purview of the fundamental dimensions to consider characteristics typically studied in the gender-role literature, but that nevertheless should be related to agency and communion. Further, we carried out these tests on two samples from China, a cultural context that, relative to many Western countries, emphasizes the interpersonal or communion dimension. Despite the differences in traits used and cultural samples studied, the findings generally supported the agency dominates self-esteem perspective, albeit with some additional findings in Study 2. The findings are discussed with regard to the influence of social norms and the types of inferences people are able to draw about themselves given such norms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-108
Number of pages6
JournalSocial Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Agency
  • Big Two
  • Communion
  • Culture
  • Gender roles
  • Self-evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • General Psychology


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