Recently, graph neural networks (GNNs) have been successfully used for a variety of particle reconstruction problems in high energy physics, including particle tracking. The Exa.TrkX pipeline based on GNNs demonstrated promising performance in reconstructing particle tracks in dense environments. It includes five discrete steps: data encoding, graph building, edge filtering, GNN, and track labeling. All steps were written in Python and run on both GPUs and CPUs. In this work, we accelerate the Python implementation of the pipeline through customized and commercial GPU-enabled software libraries, and develop a C++ implementation for inferencing the pipeline. The implementation features an improved, CUDA-enabled fixed-radius nearest neighbor search for graph building and a weakly connected component graph algorithm for track labeling. GNNs and other trained deep learning models are converted to ONNX and inferenced via the ONNX Runtime C++ API. The complete C++ implementation of the pipeline allows integration with existing tracking software. We report the memory usage and average event latency tracking performance of our implementation applied to the TrackML benchmark dataset.
|Journal of Physics: Conference Series
|Published - 2023
|20th International Workshop on Advanced Computing and Analysis Techniques in Physics Research, ACAT 2021 - Daejeon, Virtual, Korea, Republic of
Duration: Nov 29 2021 → Dec 3 2021
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Physics and Astronomy