We present a subspace method that accelerates data acquisition using Fourier transform-ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometry imaging (MSI). For MSI of biological tissue samples, there is a finite number of heterogeneous tissue types with distinct chemical profiles that introduce redundancy in the high-dimensional measurements. Our subspace model exploits the redundancy in data measured from whole-slice tissue samples by decomposing the transient signals into linear combinations of a set of basis transients with the desired spectral resolution. This decomposition allowed us to design a strategy that acquires a subset of long transients for basis determination and short transients for the remaining pixels, drastically reducing the acquisition time. The computational reconstruction strategy can maintain high-mass-resolution and spatial-resolution MSI while providing a 10-fold improvement in throughput. We validated the capability of the subspace model using a rat sagittal brain slice imaging data set. Comprehensive evaluation of the quality of the mass spectral and ion images demonstrated that the reconstructed data produced by the reported method required only 15% of the typical acquisition time and exhibited both qualitative and quantitative consistency when compared to the original data. Our method enables either higher sample throughput or higher-resolution images at similar acquisition lengths, providing greater flexibility in obtaining FT-ICR MSI measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2338-2347
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 4 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Spectroscopy


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