Modern energy systems for mobile (e.g. vehicles) and stationary systems (e.g. buildings) operate over multiple physical domains. The thermal energy domain is a critical one to consider for ensuring maximum system performance. Much of the waste energy in these systems is manifested as thermal energy and so managing/minimizing this is a critical component to performance. Additionally, thermal management is also critical for system safety. As evidenced by the recent Samsung Galaxy Note incidents, thermal management is critical. Should thermal management fail, the entire system can fail. In addition to the traditional thermal management components such as pumps and heat exchangers there is a current and increasing need to introduce advanced controls; both for safety and performance.