Absence of a charge diffusion pole at finite energies in an exactly solvable interacting flat-band model in d dimensions

Philip W. Phillips, Chandan Setty, Shuyi Zhang

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Abstract

Motivated by recent bounds for charge diffusion in critical matter, we investigate the following question: What sets the scale for the velocity for diffusing degrees of freedom in a scale-invariant system? To make our statements precise, we analyze the diffusion pole in an exactly solvable model for a Mott transition in the presence of a long-range interaction term. To achieve scale invariance, we limit our discussion to the flat-band regime. We find in this limit that the diffusion pole, which would normally obtain at finite energy, is pushed to zero energy, resulting in a vanishing of the diffusion constant. This occurs even in the presence of interactions in certain limits, indicating the robustness of this result to the inclusion of a scale in the problem. Consequently, scale invariance precludes any reasonable definition of the diffusion constant. Nonetheless, we do find that a scale can be defined, albeit irrelevant to diffusion, which is the product of the squared band velocity and the density of states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number195102
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume97
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2 2018

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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