Abomasal luminal pressure in cattle with abomasal volvulus or left displaced abomasum.

P. D. Constable, G. St-Jean, G. R. Koenig, B. L. Hull, D. M. Rings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The abomasal luminal pressure was determined during surgery in 54 dairy cows with abomasal volvulus (AV) and another 50 dairy cows with left displaced abomasum. The luminal pressure was high in all cattle with AV and 49 (98%) cattle with left displaced abomasum. Luminal pressure was significantly higher in cattle with AV (median, 11.7 mm of Hg; range, 4.1 to 32.4 mm of Hg) than cattle with left displaced abomasum (median, 8.7 mm of Hg; range, 3.5 to 20.7 mm of Hg). Among cattle with AV, abomasal luminal pressure was significantly higher in cattle that died or were sold for slaughter following surgery (median, 20.6 mm of Hg; n = 8) than in cattle that were retained in the herd (median, 11.0 mm of Hg; n = 46). The luminal pressure was weakly correlated with the preoperative serum alkaline phosphatase activity but not correlated with duration of inappetence before surgery. Calculation of likelihood ratios and construction of a response operating characteristic curve for cattle with AV indicated that a cut-off value of 16 mm of Hg for luminal pressure optimized the distribution of cattle into productive and nonproductive groups. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of a luminal pressure < 16 mm of Hg in predicting a productive outcome were 0.83, 0.75, 0.95, and 0.43, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1564-1568
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume201
Issue number10
StatePublished - Nov 15 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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