The genetic basis and diabetes association of aberrant tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) production by activated peritoneal macrophages in diabetes-prone (dp) biobreeding (BB) rats was analysed. Southern blot analysis could not detect a restriction fragment length polymorphism for the TNF gene distinguishing dp BB rats from Wistar (Wi) rats and diabetes resistent (dr) BB rats. The contiguous genetic arrangement of lymphotoxin (LT) and TNF genes described in mouse and man was also found in the rat by cloning a chromosomal region covering both genes. In search of a polymorphic marker we amplified a (CA)(n):(GT)(n) microsatellite in the TNF promotor region by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). We detected two alleles, (CA)26 and (CA)33, but no correlation with diabetes risk was seen. Crosses between dp BB rats and Wi or Lewis. 1A (Lew. 1A) rats, respectively, indicated that aberrant TNF-α production of activated macrophages is inherited dominantly with only weak penetrance. Analysis of the F2 generation and backcrosses with the two parental strains showed that aberrant TNF production co-segregates with lymphopaenia and defective CD45R expression, markers known to reflect a diabetes predisposing gene(s) outside the RT1 complex. We conclude that a single linkage group is responsible for both aberrant TNF production and defective T-cell maturation in dp BB rats.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy