Aberrant expression and biological significance of Sox2, an embryonic stem cell transcriptional factor, in ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma

P. Gelebart, S. A. Hegazy, P. Wang, K. M. Bone, M. Anand, D. Sharon, M. Hitt, J. D. Pearson, R. J. Ingham, Y. Ma, R. Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sox2 (sex-determining region Y-Box) is one of the master transcriptional factors that are important in maintaining the pluripotency of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). In line with this function, Sox2 expression is largely restricted to ESCs and somatic stem cells. We report that Sox2 is expressed in cell lines and tumor samples derived from ALK +-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALK +ALCL), for which the normal cellular counterpart is believed to be mature T-cells. The expression of Sox2 in ALK +ALCL can be attributed to nucleophosmin-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (NPM-ALK), the oncogenic fusion protein carrying a central pathogenetic role in these tumors. By confocal microscopy, Sox2 protein was detectable in virtually all cells in ALK +ALCL cell lines. However, the transcriptional activity of Sox2, as assessed using a Sox2-responsive reporter construct, was detectable only in a small proportion of cells. Importantly, downregulation of Sox2 using short interfering RNA in isolated Sox2active cells, but not Sox2inactive cells, resulted in a significant decrease in cell growth, invasiveness and tumorigenicity. To conclude, ALK +ALCL represents the first example of a hematologic malignancy that aberrantly expresses Sox2, which represents a novel mechanism by which NPM-ALK mediates tumorigenesis. We also found that the transcriptional activity and oncogenic effects of Sox2 can be heterogeneous in cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere82
JournalBlood cancer journal
Volume2
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • NPM-ALK
  • Sox2
  • STAT3
  • transcriptional activity
  • tumorigenicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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