Ab initio DFT - The seamless connection between WFT and DFT

Ireneusz Grabowski, Victor Lotrich, So Hirata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Orbital-dependent exchange-correlation functionals and potentials play an increasingly important role in Density Functional Theory (DFT). Methods which use explicit orbital-dependent functionals can be viewed as a natural extension to the standard Kohn-Sham (KS) procedure in DFT, that traditionally have used functionals with explicit density-dependence but only implicit orbital-dependence. Ab initio DFT, invented at the Quantum Theory Project, is the method which could define rigorous orbital-dependent exchange-correlation functionals and potentials in the context of KS DFT theory. The local and multiplicative exchange-correlation potentials are derived from a general theoretical framework based on the density condition in KS theory and from coupled-cluster theory and many-body perturbation theory. Ab initio DFT guarantees to converge to the right answer in the correlation and basis set limit, just as does ab initio Wave Function Theory (WFT) and solves in a rigorous way most of the shortcomings of standard density-dependent KS DFT. It is also the route toward understanding the relationships between traditional ab initio WFT and DFT. The Optimized Effective Potential 'journey' on the borderline of WFT and DFT was inspired and possible only because of the Quantum Theory Project where we stayed as postdocs in 1999-2001. It seems to us then we were in the right place and at the right time, and certainly with the right people. The QTP scientific melting pot and Sanibel's meetings gave us an excellent possibility to work together, learn and hopefully solve many important scientific problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3313-3322
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Physics
Issue number21-23
StatePublished - Nov 10 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • ab initio DFT
  • density functional theory
  • electron correlation
  • optimized effective potential method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Ab initio DFT - The seamless connection between WFT and DFT'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this