A Unified Approach to Short-Time Fourier Analysis and Synthesis

Jont B. Allen, Lawrence R. Rabiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Two distinct methods for synthesizing a signal from its short-time Fourier transform have previously been proposed. We call these methods the filter-bank summation (FBS) method and the overlap add (OLA) method. Each of these synthesis techniques has unique advantages and disadvantages in various applications due to the way in which the signal is reconstructed. In this paper we unify the ideas behind the two synthesis techniques and discuss the similarities and differences between these methods. In particular, we explicitly show the effects of modifications made to the short-time transform (both fixed and time-varying modifications are considered) on the resulting signal and discuss applications where each of the techniques would be most useful. The interesting case of nonlinear modifications (possibly signal dependent) to the short-time Fourier transform is also discussed. Finally it is shown that a formal duality exists between the two synthesis methods based on the properties of the window used for obtaining the short-time Fourier transform.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1558-1564
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of the IEEE
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1977
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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