A three-dimensional experimental study of compressibility effects on turbulent free shear layers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Turbulent mixing layers of varying compressibility (Mc = 0.19, 0.38, 0.54, and 0.89) are experimentally studied using flow visualization and velocimetry techniques. The experiments are conducted in a wind tunnel facility at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign that is capable of five different convective Mach numbers. Inflow conditions are documented in the form of PIV measurements of the incoming boundary layers in both streams. Schlieren and Mie scattering images show that increased compressibility in the shear layer tends to elongate the rounded 2-D rollers that are extensively documented in the incompressible case. In addition, instantaneous three-component SPIV measurements are made on the spanwise-central plane. Mean velocity results confirm the reduction in growth rate with increasing Mc that has been widely agreed upon. Turbulence statistics results show that the streamwise normal Reynolds stress remains constant, while spanwise normal, transverse normal, and primary shear Reynolds stresses all decrease with increasing Mc. The Reynolds stress anisotropy tensor is also fully characterized with all three normal components. Anisotropy values near the shear layer center remain constant for each case. As mixing layer compressibility increases, the streamwise normal stress anisotropy increases, the transverse and spanwise normal stress anisotropies decrease, and shear stress anisotropy remains constant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2018 Fluid Dynamics Conference
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624105531
StatePublished - 2018
Event48th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference, 2018 - Atlanta, United States
Duration: Jun 25 2018Jun 29 2018

Publication series

Name2018 Fluid Dynamics Conference


Other48th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference, 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)


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