A survey of the state of the practice for research software in the United States

Jeffrey C. Carver, Nic Weber, Karthik Ram, Sandra Gesing, Daniel S. Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Research software is a critical component of contemporary scholarship. Yet, most research software is developed and managed in ways that are at odds with its longterm sustainability. This paper presents findings from a survey of 1,149 researchers, primarily from the United States, about sustainability challenges they face in developing and using research software. Some of our key findings include a repeated need for more opportunities and time for developers of research software to receive training. These training needs cross the software lifecycle and various types of tools. We also identified the recurring need for better models of funding research software and for providing credit to those who develop the software so they can advance in their careers. The results of this survey will help inform future infrastructure and service support for software developers and users, as well as national research policy aimed at increasing the sustainability of research software.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere963
JournalPeerJ Computer Science
StatePublished - 2022


  • Best practices
  • Communities
  • Education & training
  • Policy
  • Research software
  • Software sustainability
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science


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