A subspace approach to spectral quantification for MR spectroscopic imaging

Yudu Li, Fan Lam, Bryan Clifford, Zhi Pei Liang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective: To provide a new approach to spectral quantification for magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI), incorporating both spatial and spectral priors. Methods: A novel signal model is proposed, which represents the spectral distributions of each molecule as a subspace and the entire spectrum as a union of subspaces. Based on this model, the spectral quantification can be solved in two steps: 1) subspace estimation based on the empirical distributions of the spectral parameters estimated using spectral priors; and 2) parameter estimation for the union-of-subspaces model incorporating spatial priors. Results: The proposed method has been evaluated using both simulated and experimental data, producing impressive results. Conclusion: The proposed union-of-subspaces representation of spatiospectral functions provides an effective computational framework for solving the MRSI spectral quantification problem with spatiospectral constraints. Significance: The proposed approach transforms how the MRSI spectral quantification problem is solved and enables efficient and effective use of spatiospectral priors to improve parameter estimation. The resulting algorithm is expected to be useful for a wide range of quantitative metabolic imaging studies using MRSI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8013142
Pages (from-to)2486-2489
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2017


  • MRSI
  • Spatiospectral constraints
  • Spectral estimation
  • Subspace

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering

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