A standardized method for quantifying consistent individual differences in schooling behaviour

S. Pearish, L. Hostert, A. M. Bell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A method for quantifying consistent individual differences in schooling behaviour is presented. This method, which utilizes a school of models, improves on previous methods by removing the unwanted variation that is introduced by live stimulus fish while still providing the physiological experience of schooling to the focal fish. Three-spined stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus observed in the model school assay exhibited consistent individual differences in schooling behaviour.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)443-450
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Fish Biology
Volume90
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Gasterosteus aculeatus
  • dummies
  • handling stress
  • personality
  • sociality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science

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