A social exchange-based model of the Antecedents of workplace exclusion

Kristin L. Scott, Simon Lloyd D. Restubog, Thomas J. Zagenczyk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We conducted 2 studies of coworker dyads to test a theoretical model exploring why and under what circumstances employees are the targets of workplace exclusion. Adopting a victim precipitation perspective, we integrate belongingness and social exchange theories to propose that employees who display workplace incivility are distrusted and therefore are targets of workplace exclusion. Highlighting the importance of the context of the perpetrator-target relationship, we also find support for the postulation that this mediated relationship is strengthened when the target employee is perceived to be a weak exchange partner and is attenuated when he or she is viewed as a valuable exchange partner. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-48
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 7 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Incivility
  • Social exchange
  • Workplace deviance
  • Workplace exclusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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