A simple positron lifetime system suitable for low density gases

P. G. Coleman, T. C. Griffith, G. R. Heyland, Timothy L Killeen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A conventional positron lifetime system is described which gives data of high statistical accuracy and is especially suitable for gases at low density. Several factors contribute to the significant improvement in performance. The fraction of positrons annihilating in the gas is greatly enhanced by backscattering, and the small dimensions of the pressure vessel coupled with large plastic scintillators yields about 1200 coincidence events per second. Simple electronics are used with no side channel gating, and very clean spectra are obtained with overall resolution better than 1.5 nsec. The true start and stop pulses are counted, which enables the data to be treated by the authors' signal restoration method. The results of measurements in Ar-CO mixtures and data for H2 and D2 are presented and discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-273
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1974
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Positrons
Backscattering
Pressure vessels
Gases
Phosphors
Restoration
Electronic equipment
Plastics

Keywords

  • Positron annihilation
  • Positron lifetimes in gases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Coleman, P. G., Griffith, T. C., Heyland, G. R., & Killeen, T. L. (1974). A simple positron lifetime system suitable for low density gases. Applied Physics, 3(4), 271-273. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00887274

A simple positron lifetime system suitable for low density gases. / Coleman, P. G.; Griffith, T. C.; Heyland, G. R.; Killeen, Timothy L.

In: Applied Physics, Vol. 3, No. 4, 01.04.1974, p. 271-273.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Coleman, PG, Griffith, TC, Heyland, GR & Killeen, TL 1974, 'A simple positron lifetime system suitable for low density gases', Applied Physics, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 271-273. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00887274
Coleman PG, Griffith TC, Heyland GR, Killeen TL. A simple positron lifetime system suitable for low density gases. Applied Physics. 1974 Apr 1;3(4):271-273. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00887274
Coleman, P. G. ; Griffith, T. C. ; Heyland, G. R. ; Killeen, Timothy L. / A simple positron lifetime system suitable for low density gases. In: Applied Physics. 1974 ; Vol. 3, No. 4. pp. 271-273.
@article{c1a97ba5493f47c3ba9e76168979fda5,
title = "A simple positron lifetime system suitable for low density gases",
abstract = "A conventional positron lifetime system is described which gives data of high statistical accuracy and is especially suitable for gases at low density. Several factors contribute to the significant improvement in performance. The fraction of positrons annihilating in the gas is greatly enhanced by backscattering, and the small dimensions of the pressure vessel coupled with large plastic scintillators yields about 1200 coincidence events per second. Simple electronics are used with no side channel gating, and very clean spectra are obtained with overall resolution better than 1.5 nsec. The true start and stop pulses are counted, which enables the data to be treated by the authors' signal restoration method. The results of measurements in Ar-CO mixtures and data for H2 and D2 are presented and discussed.",
keywords = "Positron annihilation, Positron lifetimes in gases",
author = "Coleman, {P. G.} and Griffith, {T. C.} and Heyland, {G. R.} and Killeen, {Timothy L}",
year = "1974",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/BF00887274",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "3",
pages = "271--273",
journal = "Applied Physics",
issn = "0340-3793",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A simple positron lifetime system suitable for low density gases

AU - Coleman, P. G.

AU - Griffith, T. C.

AU - Heyland, G. R.

AU - Killeen, Timothy L

PY - 1974/4/1

Y1 - 1974/4/1

N2 - A conventional positron lifetime system is described which gives data of high statistical accuracy and is especially suitable for gases at low density. Several factors contribute to the significant improvement in performance. The fraction of positrons annihilating in the gas is greatly enhanced by backscattering, and the small dimensions of the pressure vessel coupled with large plastic scintillators yields about 1200 coincidence events per second. Simple electronics are used with no side channel gating, and very clean spectra are obtained with overall resolution better than 1.5 nsec. The true start and stop pulses are counted, which enables the data to be treated by the authors' signal restoration method. The results of measurements in Ar-CO mixtures and data for H2 and D2 are presented and discussed.

AB - A conventional positron lifetime system is described which gives data of high statistical accuracy and is especially suitable for gases at low density. Several factors contribute to the significant improvement in performance. The fraction of positrons annihilating in the gas is greatly enhanced by backscattering, and the small dimensions of the pressure vessel coupled with large plastic scintillators yields about 1200 coincidence events per second. Simple electronics are used with no side channel gating, and very clean spectra are obtained with overall resolution better than 1.5 nsec. The true start and stop pulses are counted, which enables the data to be treated by the authors' signal restoration method. The results of measurements in Ar-CO mixtures and data for H2 and D2 are presented and discussed.

KW - Positron annihilation

KW - Positron lifetimes in gases

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0343577782&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0343577782&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF00887274

DO - 10.1007/BF00887274

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0343577782

VL - 3

SP - 271

EP - 273

JO - Applied Physics

JF - Applied Physics

SN - 0340-3793

IS - 4

ER -