A semi-empirical relationship for the small-strain shear modulus of soft clays

Vashish Taukoor, Cassandra J. Rutherford, Scott M. Olson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The small-strain shear modulus (Gmax) is a soil property that has many practical applications. The authors compiled a database of Gmax measurements for 40 normally consolidated to slightly overconsolidated low to high plasticity clays. Using these data, the authors propose a semi-empirical relationship between Gmax, effective stress (σ'v or σ'c), preconsolidation stress (σ'p) and in-situ void ratio (e0) for four ranges of plasticity index (Ip): Ip < 30%, 30% ≤ Ip < 50%, 50% ≤ Ip < 80% and 80% ≤ Ip < 120%. With results from bender element tests on a Gulf of Mexico clay subjected to multiple load-unload consolidation loops, the authors were able to validate the proposed relationships for 30% ≤ Ip < 50% and 50% ≤ Ip < 80%. The proposed relationship for 30% ≤ Ip < 50% and 50% ≤ Ip < 80% captures changes in laboratory Gmax resulting from variations in effective stress (σ'c), maximum past stress (σ'v,max), and void ratio. The proposed relationships are a simple and efficient tool that can provide independent insight on Gmax if the stress history of a clay is known, or on stress history if Gmax is known.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication7th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials, IS-Glasgow 2019
EditorsErdin Ibraim, Alessandro Tarantino
PublisherEDP Sciences
ISBN (Electronic)9782759890644
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 25 2019
Event7th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials, IS-Glasgow 2019 - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: Jun 26 2019Jun 28 2019

Publication series

NameE3S Web of Conferences
Volume92
ISSN (Print)2555-0403
ISSN (Electronic)2267-1242

Conference

Conference7th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials, IS-Glasgow 2019
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period6/26/196/28/19

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Energy(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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