A riparian zone in southern Illinois as a potential dispersal corridor for reptiles and amphibians

Frank T. Burbrink, Christopher A. Phillips, Edward J. Heske

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We surveyed reptiles and amphibians in a core area (Wildcat Bluff/Heron Pond) and at four sites along the Cache River in southern Illinois, USA, to assess whether the existing riparian zone would serve as a dispersal corridor for these species. Only 14 of the 37 species found in the core area were detected at all sites along the river, and 17 species were not found at the three sites furthest downriver from the core area. In contrast to our expectations, wide (≤1000 m) areas of riparian habitat did not support greater numbers of species of reptiles and amphibians than narrow (≤100 m) areas. Proximity to the core area and local habitat heterogeneity appeared to best explain species richness at the sites surveyed. Examination of the literature on habitat requirements for the species found in the core area suggested that lack of upland habitats and of fishless pools, along with regular inundation of remaining riparian habitat, inhibit many species from occurring consistently throughout the corridor. Our results demonstrate the importance of including specific natural history requirements in the design of corridors, rather than simply relying on easy-to-measure parameters such as corridor width, especially for species with low vagility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-115
Number of pages9
JournalBiological Conservation
Volume86
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1998

Keywords

  • Amphibians
  • Corridor
  • Habitat heterogeneity
  • Illinois
  • Reptiles
  • Riparian zone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

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