A review on the environmental impact and physiological conditions on the human body during an engulfment, entrapment and extrication

S. F. Issa, C. V. Schwab, W. E. Field

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Grain entrapments and enguifments are one of most common hazards associated with grain storage facilities. Since 1970's over 1000 grain entrapments and enguifments incidents have been documented. However, there have been very few attempts to understand the forces and physiological conditions on the victims involved in these incidents, and understand why and how injuries are caused. This research will contribute to a better understanding of the conditions a body faces when entrapped/engulfed in grain. This is critical to understand to be able to address the low survival rate (12%) of enguifments. Based on literature review, the human body can be impacted by two sources. First there are environmental conditions such as grain pressure, oxygen levels that can determine the survivorship of a victim. Second there are physiological conditions such as asphyxiation, suspension trauma and heart rate that also have an impact on the human body. In conclusion the human body is impacted by multiple conditions and forces both internally and externally that impact the likelihood for survival. To be able to have an impact it is critical that studies are conducted on the impact of lateral pressure on lung expansion and if suspension trauma might be a contributing factor in the deaths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2015
PublisherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
Pages3132-3141
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781510810501
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes
EventAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2015 - New Orleans, United States
Duration: Jul 26 2015Jul 29 2015

Publication series

NameAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2015
Volume4

Other

OtherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2015
CountryUnited States
CityNew Orleans
Period7/26/157/29/15

Keywords

  • Fatality prevention
  • Grain engulfment
  • Grain entrapment
  • Grain extrication
  • Lateral grain pressure
  • Suspension trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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