A Review of the Literature: Distance Coaching in Early Childhood Settings

Ragan H. McLeod, Jessica K. Hardy, Kameron C. Carden

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Coaching is becoming a common professional development support in early childhood settings. Effective distance coaching may provide more efficient or cost-effective methods of coaching and opportunities for practitioners unable to access in vivo coaching (e.g., rural programs). To determine the current evidence-base for distance coaching, a thorough search of the literature was conducted to identify experimental studies of coaching practitioners via distance methods. Twenty-seven studies were identified and coded for participant, intervention, and design variables. Results include information on how observations were conducted (e.g., video live and video recorded), how feedback was provided (e.g., video conferencing, email, and text), the characteristics of coaches and coaches participating in distance coaching, the rigor of studies included in the review, and the outcomes of distance coaching. Future directions for research on effective distance coaching are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-18
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Early Intervention
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2024


  • components of practice
  • professional development
  • technology
  • young children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


Dive into the research topics of 'A Review of the Literature: Distance Coaching in Early Childhood Settings'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this