A review of sex differences in peer relationship processes: Potential trade-offs for the emotional and behavioral development of girls and boys

Amanda J. Rose, Karen D. Rudolph

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Theory and research on sex differences in adjustment focus largely on parental, societal, and biological influences. However, it also is important to consider how peers contribute to girls' and boys' development. This article provides a critical review of sex differences in several peer relationship processes, including behavioral and social-cognitive styles, stress and coping, and relationship provisions. The authors present a speculative peer-socialization model based on this review in which the implications of these sex differences for girls' and boys' emotional and behavioral development are considered. Central to this model is the idea that sex-linked relationship processes have costs and benefits for girls' and boys' adjustment. Finally, the authors present recent research testing certain model components and propose approaches for testing understudied aspects of the model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)98-131
Number of pages34
JournalPsychological bulletin
Volume132
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

Fingerprint

Sex Characteristics
Socialization
Research
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Emotion
Peer Relationships
Boys
Sex Differences
Peers
Testing

Keywords

  • Behavioral adjustment
  • Emotional adjustment
  • Peer relationships
  • Sex differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

@article{979054cea80247c8aaa7ae9e9f3ed6fa,
title = "A review of sex differences in peer relationship processes: Potential trade-offs for the emotional and behavioral development of girls and boys",
abstract = "Theory and research on sex differences in adjustment focus largely on parental, societal, and biological influences. However, it also is important to consider how peers contribute to girls' and boys' development. This article provides a critical review of sex differences in several peer relationship processes, including behavioral and social-cognitive styles, stress and coping, and relationship provisions. The authors present a speculative peer-socialization model based on this review in which the implications of these sex differences for girls' and boys' emotional and behavioral development are considered. Central to this model is the idea that sex-linked relationship processes have costs and benefits for girls' and boys' adjustment. Finally, the authors present recent research testing certain model components and propose approaches for testing understudied aspects of the model.",
keywords = "Behavioral adjustment, Emotional adjustment, Peer relationships, Sex differences",
author = "Rose, {Amanda J.} and Rudolph, {Karen D.}",
year = "2006",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/0033-2909.132.1.98",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "132",
pages = "98--131",
journal = "Psychological Bulletin",
issn = "0033-2909",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A review of sex differences in peer relationship processes

T2 - Potential trade-offs for the emotional and behavioral development of girls and boys

AU - Rose, Amanda J.

AU - Rudolph, Karen D.

PY - 2006/1/1

Y1 - 2006/1/1

N2 - Theory and research on sex differences in adjustment focus largely on parental, societal, and biological influences. However, it also is important to consider how peers contribute to girls' and boys' development. This article provides a critical review of sex differences in several peer relationship processes, including behavioral and social-cognitive styles, stress and coping, and relationship provisions. The authors present a speculative peer-socialization model based on this review in which the implications of these sex differences for girls' and boys' emotional and behavioral development are considered. Central to this model is the idea that sex-linked relationship processes have costs and benefits for girls' and boys' adjustment. Finally, the authors present recent research testing certain model components and propose approaches for testing understudied aspects of the model.

AB - Theory and research on sex differences in adjustment focus largely on parental, societal, and biological influences. However, it also is important to consider how peers contribute to girls' and boys' development. This article provides a critical review of sex differences in several peer relationship processes, including behavioral and social-cognitive styles, stress and coping, and relationship provisions. The authors present a speculative peer-socialization model based on this review in which the implications of these sex differences for girls' and boys' emotional and behavioral development are considered. Central to this model is the idea that sex-linked relationship processes have costs and benefits for girls' and boys' adjustment. Finally, the authors present recent research testing certain model components and propose approaches for testing understudied aspects of the model.

KW - Behavioral adjustment

KW - Emotional adjustment

KW - Peer relationships

KW - Sex differences

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=31644432537&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=31644432537&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0033-2909.132.1.98

DO - 10.1037/0033-2909.132.1.98

M3 - Review article

C2 - 16435959

AN - SCOPUS:31644432537

VL - 132

SP - 98

EP - 131

JO - Psychological Bulletin

JF - Psychological Bulletin

SN - 0033-2909

IS - 1

ER -