Multi-core processors have replaced single-core systems in almost every segment of the industry. Unfortunately, their increased complexity often causes a loss of temporal predictability which represents a key requirement for hard real-time systems. Major sources of unpredictability are the shared low level resources, such as the memory hierarchy and the I/O subsystem. In this paper, we approach the problem of shared resource arbitration at an OS-level and propose a novel scratchpad-centric OS design for multi-core platforms. In the proposed OS, the predictable usage of shared resources across multiple cores represents a central design-time goal. Hence, we show (i) how contention-free execution of real-time tasks can be achieved on scratchpad-based architectures, and (ii) how a separation of application logic and I/O perations in the time domain can be enforced. To validate the proposed design, we implemented the proposed OS using a commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) platform. Experiments show that this novel design delivers predictable temporal behavior to hard real-time tasks, and it improves performance up to 2.1x compared to traditional approaches.