A Qualitative Exploration of Factors Associated with Walking and Physical Activity in Community-Dwelling Older Latino Adults

David X. Marquez, Susan Aguiñaga, Jeanine Campa, Eve C. Pinsker, Eduardo E. Bustamante, Rosalba Hernandez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Ethnic/racial minorities often live in neighborhoods that are not conducive to physical activity (PA) participation. We examined perceived factors related to walking/PA among Spanish- and English-speaking older Latinos in a low-income, multi-ethnic neighborhood. Method: Exploratory focus group study was conducted with Latinos stratified by preferred language and gender: English-speaking women (n = 7, M age = 74.6); English-speaking men (n = 3, M age = 69.3); Spanish-speaking women (n = 5, M age = 66.4); Spanish-speaking men (n = 5, M age = 74.0). Focus group audio files were transcribed, and qualitative research software was used to code and analyze documents. Results: At the individual level, reasons for exercising (improved health) and positive health outcome expectancies (weight loss and decreased knee pain) were discussed. Neighborhood/environmental factors of safety (fear of crime), neighborhood changes (lack of jobs and decreased social networks), weather, and destination walking were discussed. Discussion: Individual and environmental factors influence PA of older, urban Latinos, and should be taken into consideration in health promotion efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)664-677
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Applied Gerontology
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Latinos
  • aging
  • environment
  • physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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