Clusters of galaxies are important laboratories both for understanding galaxy evolution and for constraining cosmological quantities. Any analysis of clusters, however, is best done when one can reliably determine which galaxies are members of the cluster. While this would ideally be done spectroscopically, the difficulty in acquiring a complete sample of spectroscopic redshifts becomes rather daunting, especially at high redshift, when the background contamination becomes increasingly larger. Traditionally, an alternative approach of applying a statistical background correction has been utilized that, while useful in a global sense, does not provide information for specific galaxies. In this paper we develop a more robust technique that uses photometrically estimated redshifts to determine cluster membership. This technique can either be used as an improvement over the commonly used statistical correction method or it can be used to determine cluster candidates on an individual galaxy basis. By tuning the parameters of our algorithm, we can selectively maximize our completeness or, alternatively, minimize our contamination. Furthermore, our technique provides a statistical quantification of both our resulting completeness and contamination from foreground and background galaxies.
- Cosmology: observations
- Galaxies: distances and redshifts
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science