A Printing-Centric Approach to the Electrostatic Modification of Polymer/Clay Composites for Use in 3D Direct-Ink Writing

Brittany M. Rauzan, Sean E. Lehman, Joselle M. McCracken, Jonghun Lee, Xiao Min Lin, Alec Sandy, Suresh Narayanan, Simon A. Rogers, Ralph G. Nuzzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Polymer/clay composite inks are exceptionally useful materials for fabrication processes based on 3D direct-ink writing, however, there remains an insufficient understanding of how their physiochemical dynamics impact printability. Using a model system, N-isopropylacrylamide/Laponite, the electrostatic interactions between Laponite platelets are modified to tune critical rheological properties in order to improve printability. Rheological measurements and X-ray scattering experiments are carried out to monitor the nano/micro-structural dynamics and complex physicochemical interactions of Laponite as it impacts complex modulus in the linear region, flow behavior, thixotropy, and yield stress of the composite ink. Modification of the electrostatic interactions between platelets reduces the yield stress of the material, while maintaining a complex microstructure that allows for sufficient recovery times upon removal of stress to form stable, and thus printable, filaments. A printing-centric approach is established based on a fundamental understanding of electrostatic inter-particle interactions, harnessing the innate microstructure of Laponite in 3D direct-ink writing of composites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1701579
JournalAdvanced Materials Interfaces
Volume5
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 23 2018

Keywords

  • direct-ink write
  • hydrogels
  • nanocomposites
  • polymers
  • rheo-SAXS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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