A practical model for seismic analysis of reinforced concrete shear wall buildings

Tae Wan Kim, Douglas A. Foutch, James M. Lafave

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A simple macro-model for reinforced concrete shear walls is proposed, which consists of spring elements representing flexure and shear behaviour. The model for flexural behaviour is based on section analysis, while the model for shear behaviour is based on key parameters of the flexural behaviour. Four wall test specimens are selected to evaluate the reliability of the model. Modelling parameters for the backbone curves and the hysteretic rules are examined by conducting static and time history analyses, with the hysteretic response of a test specimen compared to that calculated using the proposed model. Results show some differences between measured and calculated shear force versus shear distortion relationships, but the model is acceptable because the differences do not significantly affect calculated global response. Parametric studies are also conducted to examine the influence of modelling parameters on seismic demand and capacity, which are the major design parameters for structural performance evaluation. Differences due to variation in modelling parameters sire not significant, further indicating that the proposed modei is reasonable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-417
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Earthquake Engineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Analytical modelling
  • Macro-model
  • Reinforced concrete
  • Seismic loads
  • Shear wall

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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