A Pharmacogenetic 'Restriction-of-Function' Approach Reveals Evidence for Anxiolytic-Like Actions Mediated by α5-Containing GABA A Receptors in Mice

Lauren M. Behlke, Rachel A. Foster, Jing Liu, Dietmar Benke, Rebecca S. Benham, Anna J. Nathanson, Benjamin K. Yee, Hanns Ulrich Zeilhofer, Elif Engin, Uwe Rudolph

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Benzodiazepines have been widely used for their anxiolytic actions. However, the contribution of GABAA receptor subtypes to anxiolysis is still controversial. Studies with mutant mice harboring diazepam-insensitive α-subunits α1, α2, α3, or α5 have revealed that α2-containing GABAA receptors (α2-GABAA Rs) are required for diazepam-induced anxiolysis, with no evidence for an involvement of any other α-subunit, whereas TP003, described as a selective modulator of α3-containing GABAA receptors, was shown to be anxiolytic. Here, we describe a novel, systematic approach to evaluate the role of positive allosteric modulation of each of the four diazepam-sensitive α-subtypes in anxiety-related behavioral paradigms. By combining H to R point mutations in three out of the four diazepam-sensitive α-subunits in mice with a 129X1/SvJ background, diazepam becomes a subtype-specific modulator of the remaining non-mutated α-subtype. Modulation of α5-GABAA Rs, but not of α2-GABAA Rs, increased the time in the light side of the light-dark box as well as open-arm exploration in the elevated plus maze. In contrast, modulation of α3-GABAA Rs decreased open-arm exploration, whereas modulation of α2-GABAA Rs increased time in the center in the open-field test. Modulation of any single α-subtype had no effect on stress-induced hyperthermia. Our results provide evidence that modulation of α5-GABAA Rs elicits anxiolytic-like actions, whereas our data do not provide evidence for an anxiolytic-like action of α3-GABAA Rs. Thus, α5-GABAA Rs may be suitable targets for novel anxiolytic drugs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2492-2501
Number of pages10
JournalNeuropsychopharmacology
Volume41
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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