We investigated the effect of a novel synthetic analogue of a constituent from the Chinese medicinal herb Isodon excisus, 3-(3-methoxy-phenyl)-N-(3, 4, 5-trimethoxy-phenyl)-acrylamide (compound 343), on the carcinogen activation pathway mediated by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) in human hepatoma HepG2 cells. We found that compound 343 inhibited the upregulation of cytochrome P-450 (CYP) enzyme activity in cells treated with the AhR ligands and potent carcinogens, dimethylbenz[a]- anthracene (DMBA) or 2, 3, 7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Compound 343 also inhibited the DMBA- or TCDDinduced increase in CYP1A1, -1A2 and -1B1 mRNA levels. Carcinogen-induced transcription of CYP genes was also suppressed by compound 343, as measured by a reporter gene controlled by the xenobiotic-responsive element (XRE). This was confirmed by measuring the amount of carcinogen-induced CYP1A1 heterogeneous nuclear RNA. Compound 343 blocked theDMBA- or TCDD-induced activation of the AhR DNA-binding capacity for the XRE, as measured by a chromatin immunoprecipitation assay. Compound 343 also inhibited CYP enzyme activity in microsomes isolated from DMBA- or TCDD-treated cells, as well as the activity of recombinant CYP1A1, -1A2 and -1B1, indicating that compound 343 directly inhibits CYP enzymes. These results indicate that compound 343 is both a potent inhibitor of carcinogen-induced CYP enzyme expression, as well as a direct inhibitor of CYP enzymes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research