A novel meshless scheme for solving surface integral equations with flat integral domains

Mei Song Tong, Weng Cho Chew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Numerical solutions for electromagnetic (EM) integral equations rely on the discretization of integral domains and the use of meshes for geometric description. Meshing geometries is very tedious, especially for complicated structures with many details (tiny parts) and geometric discontinuities (corners or edges), and remeshing could be required in many scenarios. To reduce the costs of generating quality meshes, meshless or mesh-free methods were developed and they have been extensively studied in mechanical engineering though there are less obvious interests in EM community. The meshless methods employ discrete nodes to replace meshes in the description of geometries but the background meshes for integrations are still needed traditionally. In this work, we first address the traditional meshless scheme for solving EM integral equations based on the moving least square (MLS) approximation for unknown currents and the use of background meshes for integrations, and then develop a novel meshless scheme by applying the Green's lemma to the EM surface integral equations with flat domains. The novel scheme transforms a surface integral over a flat domain into a line integral along its boundaries when excluding a singular patch in the domain. Since only the domain boundaries are discretized and no background meshes are needed, the scheme is truly meshless. Numerical examples for EM scattering by flat-surface objects are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the novel scheme.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6193155
Pages (from-to)3285-3293
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Electromagnetic scattering
  • Green's lemma
  • integral equation
  • meshless method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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