Estrogen receptor α (ERα) serves as a ligand-activated transcription factor, turning on transcription of estrogen-responsive genes in target cells. Numerous regulatory proteins interact with the receptor to influence ERα-mediated transactivation. In this study, we have identified pp32, which interacts with the DNA binding domain of ERα when the receptor is free, but not when it is bound to an estrogen response element. Coimmunoprecipitation experiments demonstrate that endogenously expressed pp32 and ERα from MCF-7 breast cancer cells interact. Although pp32 substantially enhances the association of the receptor with estrogen response element-containing DNA, overexpression of pp32 in MCF-7 cells decreases transcription of an estrogen-responsive reporter plasmid. pp32 Represses p300-mediated acetylation of ERα and histones in vitro and inhibits acetylation of ERα in vivo. pp32 Also binds to other nuclear receptors and inhibits thyroid hormone receptor β-mediated transcription. Taken together, our studies provide evidence that pp32 plays a role in regulating transcription of estrogen-responsive genes by modulating acetylation of histones and ERα and also influences transcription of other hormone-responsive genes as well.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology