The phospholipase C (PLC) isozymes catalyze the hydrolysis of phospholipids to provide diacylglycerol (DAG) and a phosphorylated headgroup. Because DAG has been implicated in cellular signal transduction cascades in mammalian systems, there has been considerable interest in the development of inhibitors of these enzymes. Toward this end, we have discovered that the cyclic N,N'-dihydroxyureas 6-10 inhibit the phosphatidylcholine preferring PLC from Bacillus cereus (PLC(Bc)). This class of inhibitors is believed to function by the bidentate chelation of the N,N'-dihydroxyurea array to one or more of the zinc ions at the active site of the enzyme. Because the affinities of these compounds correlate with the pK(a)s of the N-OH hydroxyl groups, it is apparent that one or both of the hydroxyl groups must be ionized for effective coordination to the zinc ions. It is also apparent that there may be rather strict steric requirements for these inhibitors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry