A hybrid coumarin-hemicyanine dye, Cou-BT, was developed as a new ratiometric and colorimetric sensor for cyanide with a sensing mechanism via nucleophilic addition of cyanide anion to the benzothiolium group. Cou-BT shows high sensitivity and selectivity for cyanide detection over other common anion species in aqueous acetonitrile solution. The calculated pseudo-first-order rate constant for cyanide anion addition was (2.13 ± 0.08) × 10 -2 s -1 at 298 K, and the detection limit was estimated to be 0.64 μM. The DFT and TDDFT calculation results suggest that the ratiometric and colorimetric sensing behavior of Cou-BT upon its reaction with cyanide was due to the interrupted π-conjugation and blocked ICT progress.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry