A new method of deriving the acceleration and displacement design spectra of pulse-like ground motions based on the wavelet multi-resolution analysis

Guochen Zhao, Longjun Xu, Paolo Gardoni, Lili Xie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Pulse-like ground motions usually have higher spectral displacements and spectral accelerations than other motions in long periods and can cause severe damage on structures. However, there is still no a generally accepted method to incorporate the features of this type motion in the code-based design spectrum. The pulse period is one of the key parameters to characterize the features of pulse-like ground motions. The relations between the pulse period and the earthquake magnitude have been well studied, and many prediction equations have been proposed. However, these results cannot be considered in the process of deriving the design spectrum of pulse-like ground motions. This paper proposes a new method to derive the acceleration and displacement design spectra of pulse-like ground motions based on the wavelet multi-resolution analysis. To consider the influence of the frequency content of ground motions, the frequency band of ground motions is divided into several continuous sub-bands. One or more ground motion components obtained by the wavelet multi-resolution analysis are used to represent the frequency content in each sub-band. Differing from previous methods, the design spectral shape of the proposed method can be changed according to the frequency content of ground motions, and the prediction equations between the pulse period and the earthquake magnitude can be used to improve the current code-based design spectrum.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages1-10
Number of pages10
JournalSoil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
Volume119
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

Fingerprint

Multiresolution analysis
ground motion
wavelet
earthquakes
Earthquakes
earthquake magnitude
methodology
prediction
Frequency bands
analysis
method
damage

Keywords

  • Frequency content
  • Pulse-like ground motion
  • Spectral acceleration
  • Spectral displacement
  • Wavelet multi-resolution analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Soil Science

Cite this

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title = "A new method of deriving the acceleration and displacement design spectra of pulse-like ground motions based on the wavelet multi-resolution analysis",
abstract = "Pulse-like ground motions usually have higher spectral displacements and spectral accelerations than other motions in long periods and can cause severe damage on structures. However, there is still no a generally accepted method to incorporate the features of this type motion in the code-based design spectrum. The pulse period is one of the key parameters to characterize the features of pulse-like ground motions. The relations between the pulse period and the earthquake magnitude have been well studied, and many prediction equations have been proposed. However, these results cannot be considered in the process of deriving the design spectrum of pulse-like ground motions. This paper proposes a new method to derive the acceleration and displacement design spectra of pulse-like ground motions based on the wavelet multi-resolution analysis. To consider the influence of the frequency content of ground motions, the frequency band of ground motions is divided into several continuous sub-bands. One or more ground motion components obtained by the wavelet multi-resolution analysis are used to represent the frequency content in each sub-band. Differing from previous methods, the design spectral shape of the proposed method can be changed according to the frequency content of ground motions, and the prediction equations between the pulse period and the earthquake magnitude can be used to improve the current code-based design spectrum.",
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AU - Xu, Longjun

AU - Gardoni, Paolo

AU - Xie, Lili

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AB - Pulse-like ground motions usually have higher spectral displacements and spectral accelerations than other motions in long periods and can cause severe damage on structures. However, there is still no a generally accepted method to incorporate the features of this type motion in the code-based design spectrum. The pulse period is one of the key parameters to characterize the features of pulse-like ground motions. The relations between the pulse period and the earthquake magnitude have been well studied, and many prediction equations have been proposed. However, these results cannot be considered in the process of deriving the design spectrum of pulse-like ground motions. This paper proposes a new method to derive the acceleration and displacement design spectra of pulse-like ground motions based on the wavelet multi-resolution analysis. To consider the influence of the frequency content of ground motions, the frequency band of ground motions is divided into several continuous sub-bands. One or more ground motion components obtained by the wavelet multi-resolution analysis are used to represent the frequency content in each sub-band. Differing from previous methods, the design spectral shape of the proposed method can be changed according to the frequency content of ground motions, and the prediction equations between the pulse period and the earthquake magnitude can be used to improve the current code-based design spectrum.

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