A new high-pressure phase transition in natural Fe-bearing orthoenstatite

Jin S. Zhang, Przemyslaw Dera, Jay D. Bass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Single-crystal X-ray structure refinements have been carried out on natural Fe-bearing orthoenstatite (OEN) at pressures up to 14.53 GPa. We report a new high-pressure phase transition from OEN to a monoclinic phase (HPCEN2) with space group P2 1/c, with a density change of ∼1.9(3)%. The HPCEN2 phase is crystallographically different from low-pressure clinoenstatite (LPCEN), which also has P2 1/c symmetry. Upon release of pressure HPCEN2 reverts to OEN, and the transition pressure is bracketed between 9.96 and 14.26 GPa at room temperature. We find no evidence for a C2/c phase at high pressure. The lattice constants for the new phase at 14.26 GPa are a = 17.87(2), b = 8.526(9), c = 4.9485(10) Å, β = 92.88(4)° [ρ = 3.658(9) g/cm 3]. Refinement of the new structure indicates rotation of tetrahedral chain as the key characteristic of this transition. This experiment points to the possibility of OEN and HPCEN2 as the stable phases in Earth's upper mantle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1070-1074
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Volume97
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

Fingerprint

Bearings (structural)
enstatite
phase transition
Phase transitions
transition pressure
Earth mantle
low pressure
single crystals
symmetry
room temperature
upper mantle
x rays
crystal
Lattice constants
Earth (planet)
Single crystals
X rays
experiment
temperature

Keywords

  • High-pressure clinoenstatite
  • High-pressure phase transition
  • Orthoenstatite
  • Synchrotron single-crystal X-ray diffraction
  • Upper mantle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

A new high-pressure phase transition in natural Fe-bearing orthoenstatite. / Zhang, Jin S.; Dera, Przemyslaw; Bass, Jay D.

In: American Mineralogist, Vol. 97, No. 7, 01.07.2012, p. 1070-1074.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhang, Jin S. ; Dera, Przemyslaw ; Bass, Jay D. / A new high-pressure phase transition in natural Fe-bearing orthoenstatite. In: American Mineralogist. 2012 ; Vol. 97, No. 7. pp. 1070-1074.
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