A naturalist's view of pride

Jessica L. Tracy, Azim F. Shariff, Joey T. Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Although pride has been central to philosophical and religious discussions of emotion for thousands of years, it has largely been neglected by psychologists. However, in the past decade a growing body of psychological research on pride has emerged; new theory and findings suggest that pride is a psychologically important and evolutionarily adaptive emotion. In this article we review this accumulated body of research and argue for a naturalist account of pride, which presumes that pride emerged by way of natural selection. In this view, pride is prevalent in human life because of the functional and adaptive role it has played in the attainment, maintenance, and communication of social status throughout our evolutionary history.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-177
Number of pages15
JournalEmotion Review
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Emotion
  • Pride
  • Self-conscious emotion
  • Social status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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