A recursive algorithm to calculate the exact solution of N random assortment of spheres is described. In this algorithm, the scattering from a single sphere is expressed in a 1-sphere T matrix. Then the scattering from two spheres is expressed in terms of 2-sphere T matrices, which are related to the 1-sphere T matrix. A recursive algorithm to deduce the (n + l)-sphere T matrix from the n-sphere T matrix is derived. With this recursive algorithm, the multiple scattering from a random assortment of N spheres can be obtained. This results in an N2 algorithm rather than the normal N3 algorithm. As an example, the algorithm is used to calculate the low-frequency effective permittivity of a random assortment of 18 dielectric spheres. The effective permittivity deviates from the Maxwell-Garnett (M-G) result for high contrast and high packing fraction. With a high packing fraction, dielectric enhancement at low frequency is possible.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing|
|State||Published - Mar 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)