A model for the adsorption of single metal ion solutes in aqueous solution onto activated carbon produced from pecan shells

Seyed A. Dastgheib, David A. Rockstraw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Adsorption isotherms for activated carbon made from pecan shells have been obtained at 25 °C and an approximate pH of 3 for a number of metal ion solutes. It was found that the Slips and Freundlich equations were satisfactory for explaining the experimental data. The correlation of metal ion adsorption with the solute parameters of metal ion electronegativity and first stability constant of the metal hydroxide was investigated. In the case of most of the metal ions studied, higher electronegativities and stability constants corresponded to the higher adsorption levels of metal ions onto the activated carbon. A correlation was developed that predicts the constants of the Freundlich equation from the selected parameters of the metal ions, and thus can predict the adsorption isotherms at constant pH. The developed correlation gives results with acceptable deviations from experimental data. A procedure is proposed for obtaining similar correlations for different conditions (temperature, pH, carbon type and dosage). The ratio of equivalent metal ions adsorbed to protons released is calculated for the studied metal ions over a range of concentrations. In most cases, particularly at low concentrations, this ratio is close to one, confirming that ion exchange of one proton with one equivalent metal ion is the dominant reaction mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1843-1851
Number of pages9
JournalCarbon
Volume40
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2002

Keywords

  • A. Activated carbon
  • C. Adsorption
  • Modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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