A micro-extraction method for use with 4 mm plate geometry in the Dynamic Shear Rheometer to evaluate asphalt binder rheology

Angelo Filonzi, Sang Ki Lee, Wellington Ferreira, Ramez Hajj, Amit Bhasin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Current procedures to extract and recover asphalt binders require a large amount of material and consequently a large volume of toxic solvents. To reduce exposure and consumption of such solvents, a micro-extraction method for extracting and recovering asphalt binder from small amounts of asphalt mix or reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) is presented. Sixteen laboratory long term aged mixes were used to extract the binder and evaluate its properties, using both the micro-extraction and conventional extraction methods. The Bending Beam Rheometer (BBR) and Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR) with the 4 mm parallel plate geometry were used to determine the low temperature properties of the extracted materials. The DSR was used with samples obtained using the conventional extraction method and proposed micro-extraction method. Low temperature properties from the three different procedures (conventional extraction with BBR, conventional extraction with DSR, and micro-extraction with DSR) were compared. Results indicate that the 4 mm plate method is a viable surrogate to measure low temperature properties in lieu of the BBR for recovered and recycled materials. The combined use of micro-extraction and 4 mm parallel plate geometry is a viable technique to extract binder from small amounts of asphalt materials. The combined micro-extraction and 4 mm method was also used to demonstrate the high variability (up to 12 °C low continuous grade) among different RAP stockpiles collected from across the state of Texas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number119024
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume252
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 20 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 4-mm geometry
  • Asphalt binder
  • Binder extraction
  • Bitumen
  • DSR
  • Low-temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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