A method to produce lithium pellets for fueling and ELM pacing in NSTX-U

Daniel Andruczyk, A. L. Roquemore, P. Fiflis, D. Mansfield, David N Ruzic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A device for producing small, high frequency spherical droplets or pellets for lithium or other liquid metals has been developed and could aid in the controlled excitation or pacing of edge-localized plasma modes (ELMs). The Liquid Lithium/metal Pellet Injector (LLPI) could also be used to replenish lithium coatings of plasma-facing components (PFCs) during a plasma discharge. With NSTX-U having longer pulse lengths (up to 5 s), it is desirable to be able to inject lithium during the discharge to maintain the beneficial effects. Using a nozzle injector design and a surrogate to lithium, Wood's metal, the LLPI has achieved droplet diameters between 0.6 mm < ddrop < 1 mm in diameter and frequencies up to 1.5 kHz with argon gas driving the formation. This paper presents the LLPI being developed with initial results mainly using Wood's metal and some lithium, using high pressure argon to force the liquid lithium through the nozzle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2910-2914
Number of pages5
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014


  • Liquid metal
  • Lithium
  • NSTX-U
  • Plasma facing components
  • Plasma material interactions
  • Wood's metal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering


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