We demonstrate a seamless and contactless method from protein crystallization to X-ray analysis using a microfluidic chip with the aim of obtaining a complete crystallographic data set of a protein crystal under cryogenic conditions. Our microfluidics-based approach did not require direct manipulation of the protein crystal. Therefore, the microfluidic chip approach is suitable for novices of X-ray analysis of protein crystals. We also investigated the effect of stepwise cryoprotection on the quality of protein crystals. Protein crystals with cryoprotection via on-chip manipulation did not show deterioration of crystallographic quality of the protein crystal. The complete diffraction data set of a protein crystal, which is required for determining the 3D structure of the target protein, is obtainable by a simple manipulation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry