A machine learning classifier for microlensing in wide-field surveys

D. Godines, E. Bachelet, G. Narayan, R. A. Street

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

While microlensing is very rare, occurring on average once per million stars observed, current and near-future surveys are coming online with the capability of providing photometry of almost the entire visible sky to depths up to R ∼22 mag or fainter every few days, which will contribute to the detection of black holes and exoplanets through follow-up observations of microlensing events. Based on galactic models, we can expect microlensing events across a vastly wider region of the galaxy, although the cadence of these surveys (2-3 d−1) is lower than traditional microlensing surveys, making efficient detection a challenge. Rapid advances are being made in the utility of time-series data to detect and classify transient events in real-time using very high data-rate surveys, but limited work has been published regarding the detection of microlensing events, particularly for when the data streams are of relatively low-cadence. In this research, we explore the utility of a Random Forest algorithm for identifying microlensing signals using time-series data, with the goal of creating an efficient machine learning classifier that can be applied to search for microlensing in wide-field surveys even with low-cadence data. We have applied and optimized our classifier using the OGLE-II microlensing dataset, in addition to testing with PTF/iPTF survey data and the currently operating ZTF, which applies the same data handling infrastructure that is envisioned for the upcoming LSST.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100298
JournalAstronomy and Computing
Volume28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Classification
  • Gravitational microlensing
  • Machine learning
  • PTF
  • Random forest
  • ZTF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Space and Planetary Science

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