A long-term monitoring of agricultural chemical transport from a flat tile-drained watershed

Abdulaziz Algoazany, Prasanta K. Kalita, J. Kent Mitchell, Richard A.C. Cooke, Michael C. Hirschi Professor

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


The Little Vermilion River (LVR) watershed in east central Illinois is an example of a watershed with altered hydrology from subsurface drainage systems. A continuous monitoring study has been conducted from 1991 to 2004 on this watershed to evaluate the effects of agricultural management practices on fertilizer and pesticide transport in subsurface flow. Water quality results obtained from four of the seven subsurface drainage stations in the LVR watershed for the period 1991-2000 are presented in this paper. The long-term monitoring results indicated that the nitrate-N concentration in subsurface drains varied depending on fertilizer application timing, rates and methods. Elevated nitrate concentrations were observed in the first few months of growing seasons. Long-term average annual flow weighted nitrateN concentrations were lower than 10 mg/L under no-till system. Sites with reduced tillage practices had 10-year average annual flow weighted nitrate-N concentrations higher than MCL. Atrazine concentrations were lower than 3 μg/L in most water samples. Nevertheless, atrazine concentrations exceeded MCL in several incidents for all sites during the study period. Major atrazine loss in drainage water occurred within three months of atrazine application.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - 2005
Event2005 ASAE Annual International Meeting - Tampa, FL, United States
Duration: Jul 17 2005Jul 20 2005


Other2005 ASAE Annual International Meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityTampa, FL


  • And atrazine
  • Nitrate
  • Tile drainage
  • Water quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Bioengineering


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