A long-snouted predatory dinosaur from Africa and the evolution of spinosaurids

Paul C. Sereno, Allison L. Beck, Didier B. Dutheil, Boubacar Gado, Hans C.E. Larsson, Gabrielle H. Lyon, Jonathan D. Marcot, Oliver W.M. Rauhut, Rudyard W. Sadleir, Christian A. Sidor, David D. Varricchio, Gregory P. Wilson, Jeffrey A. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Fossils discovered in Lower Cretaceous (Aptian) rocks in the Tenere Desert of central Niger provide new information about spinosaurids, a peculiar group of piscivorous theropod dinosaurs. The remains, which represent a new genus and species, reveal the extreme elongation and transverse compression of the spinosaurid snout. The postcranial bones include blade-shaped vertebral spines that form a low sail over the hips. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that the enlarged thumb claw and robust forelimb evolved during the Jurassic, before the elongated snout and other fish-eating adaptations in the skull. The close phylogenetic relationship between the new African spinosaurid and Baryonyx from Europe provides evidence of dispersal across the Tethys seaway during the Early Cretaceous.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1298-1302
Number of pages5
Issue number5392
StatePublished - Nov 13 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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